What are chemical fiber fabrics made from? Pros and cons of chemical fabrics

What is chemical fiber fabric

As someone interested in the fashion industry, you have certainly heard of chemical fibers. So what is chemical fabric fiber made from, is it good, what are the advantages and disadvantages? Join Roostershirt.com to learn more through the article below!

What is chemical fiber fabric?

Chemical fabric fibers are fabrics produced from chemical fibers including two main groups: artificial fibers and synthetic fibers. Different from natural fibers such as flax, banana fiber, etc.

This type of fiber is very commonly used, used in popular garments such as dresses, t-shirts, jeans, vests, sportswear, underwear… Used in household applications such as producing curtains and linens. tables, blankets, pillows, cushions… They also sew bags, carpets or shoes.

What are chemical fiber fabrics made from?

Chemical fiber fabrics are produced from two main groups: artificial fibers and synthetic fibers.

  • Artificial fiber: A fiber derived from cellulose from plants such as wood, bamboo, or animal protein such as silk such as Viscose, Modal, Lyocell, Tencel, Nylon 6,…
  • Synthetic fibers: Derived from oil, gas, coal such as Polyester, Nylon, Acrylic, Spandex, Polypropylene,…
What are chemical fiber fabrics made from
What are chemical fiber fabrics made from

How to produce chemical fiber fabric

Step 1: Prepare ingredients
– If it is artificial fiber, people will grind, melt or dissolve the ingredients in a chemical solution. As for synthetic fibers, they will use oil and gas to create monomers.

Step 2: The Monomers will then be linked to form a polymer, which will then be fed into the machine to be spun into fibers.

Step 3: When the fibers are harvested, they will be woven into fabrics using weaving methods such as weaving, needle…

Step 4: Having raw fabric will be dyed, printed with patterns as well as add some substances to serve the needs of use such as anti-wrinkle, water-proof, fire-proof…

Popular types of chemical fibers today

There are many types of chemical fibers on the market today, let’s take a look at some of the most commonly used ones.

  • Rayon fiber: Made from wood and bamboo, it is extremely soft and airy but wrinkles easily.
  • Modal fiber: Originated from oak trees, high durability, good sweat absorption and quite high price.
  • Lyocell, Tencel: Fibers from eucalyptus trees, the advantage is that they are soft, airy and very environmentally friendly.
  • Polyester (PE): A fiber derived from mines, durable, beautiful, wrinkle-resistant but less airy and quite tight on the skin.
  • Nylon (PA): Fabric fibers from coal and gas, high durability, good water resistance but also easy to cause skin irritation.
  • Acrylic (PAN): The advantage is that it is soft and warm, but it wrinkles easily, is not very durable and is easily flammable.
  • Spandex (PU): This fiber has good elasticity and high durability but does not absorb sweat.
  • Polypropylene (PP): Has the advantage of being waterproof, mold-proof, and extremely cheap but not suitable for making everyday clothes.

Advantages and disadvantages of chemical fiber fabrics

Advantages and disadvantages of chemical fiber fabrics
Advantages and disadvantages of chemical fiber fabrics


This type of fiber has many outstanding features such as softness, good elasticity, anti-wrinkle, and waterproof. Some fibers of natural origin have the ability to absorb sweat and are cool.

  • The yarn is easy to dye seasonally, comes in many different colors, is fresh, sharp and lasts a lot.
  • The fabric is durable, resistant to shrinkage, mold… so it can be used for a long time.


  • Synthetic chemical fibers are often not environmentally friendly, are less likely to decompose and can cause pollution.
  • Chemical fibers will not be cool, some can cause skin irritation due to toxic ingredients.
  • Some chemical fabrics are flammable and accumulate electricity, causing discomfort when worn.

How to use and preserve chemical fiber fabrics

  • When washing, you should wash in water at normal temperature, you can separate colored clothes to avoid color fading.
  • Use mild soap, avoid using strong detergents. Can be washed in the washing machine but on gentle mode.
  • Dry the fabric in the shade, with wind, away from direct sunlight. Remember to turn the fabric inside out before drying. When ironing, use low temperature, you can use a steam iron.
  • Use hangers with wide shoulders to avoid wrinkles and loss of shape. Hang in a cool cabinet, should have a desiccant package. Fold clothes neatly instead of throwing them around. You can store them in a specialized box or bag.

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Above is the answer to the question of what chemical fiber fabric is made from that Cardina wants to share with you. Hopefully through this article you have learned more about some fashion knowledge to serve yourself. And don’t forget to follow Cardina to enjoy shopping for the items you like!

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